University of Madras – Syllabus of Bachelor of Science (BSc) Marine Science – Semester I – Allied Subject I – Geology I
Duration of Examination: 3 hrs
Maximum Marks: 75
Origin of the Earth – Age of the Earth – Interior of the earth – Earthquakes: Definition – Effects – Causes – Volcanoes: Distribution – Causes – Effects of volcanic eruptions – Geological work of Running water and Underground water. Brief outline of Seas and Oceans.
Introduction to Structural geology: Topographic maps – Geologic maps – Outcrops and their trends with reference to slope and topography – Clinometer compass and its uses – Brief Study of Folds – Faults – Unconformities – Joints.
Principles of Stratigraphy – Standard stratigraphic scale – Contemporaneity – Homotaxis – Physiographic divisions of India – Brief study of Archaean rocks Cuddapah – Vindhyans – Gondwanas – Trassic of Spiti Jurassic of Kutch – Cretaceous succession of Tiruchirappalli and Pondicherry – Bagh beds of Narmada valley – Lameta beds – Deccan traps – Origin – Composition – Distribution – Age – Siwaliks.
Definition of fossil – Nature and modes of preservation of fossils – Uses of fossils – Brief study of Corals – Echinoids – Crinoids – Pelecypods – Cephalopods – Brachiopods – Trilobites – Graptolites – Gondwana flora of India – An outline of the uses of Micropaleontology.
Physical properties of minerals – Brief study of the following rock forming minerals – Feldspar group – Amphibole group – Pyroxene group – Olivine group – Quartz group – Mica group – Garnet group.
Principles of Physical Geology by Arthur Holmes, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., London, 1965.
Introduction to Physical Geology by A.K. Datta, Kalyani Pub., New Delhi-Ludhiana, 1981.
Structural Geology by Marland Billings, Prentice Hall, India, 1984.
General Geology by R.J. Foster, Merrill Pub. Co., London, 1988.
Physical Geology by L. Donald Leet and Sheldon Judson, Prentice Hall, India.
General Geology by Radhakrishnan.
Geology of India by D.N. Wadia, Mc Millan, London,1957.
Stratigraphic Principles and Practice by J.M. Weller, Harper and Brothers Pub., New York, 1960.
Invertebrate Palaeontology by Heniy Woods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1967.
Geology of India and Burma by M.S. Krishnan, CBS Publishers and Distributiors, New Delhi, 1982.
Fundamentals of Historical Geology and Stratigraphy of India by Ravindra Kumar, Wilely Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1985.
Invertebrate Paleontology by Shrock and Twenhofel.
Dana’s Manual of Mineralogy by Cornelius S. Huribut, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1959.
An Introduction to Rock-forming Minerals by W.A. Deer, R.A. Howie and J. Zussman, Longman Group Ltd., London, 1979.
Rutley’s Elements of Mineralogy by CD. Gribble, 27th Edition, Unwin Hyman; London, 1988.
Dana’s Text Book of Mineralogy by W.E. Ford, 4th Edition, Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi, 1992.